Today I would like to talk about proving the existence of God. Then I would like to complain about technology and design writing.
St. Anselm’s ontological proof for the existence of God is outlined in the Proslogion and goes something like this:
- When we talk about God, we are imagining a supreme being, in fact THE supreme being.
- We define THE supreme being as “that than which nothing greater can be conceived”. So for property n if you can conceive of some property m greater than n, the thing possessing property n is not God. Keep going up the chain until you can’t conceive of anything greater. That thing is a property of God.
- Things can exist in the mind, they can contingently exist in reality, or they can necessarily exist in reality.
- Since existing is greater than nonexisting and necessarily existing is greater than contingently existing, “that, than which nothing greater can be conceived” must have the property of necessary existence.
- God exists.
He spends most of the rest of the Proslogion trying to work out God’s properties (hint: they turn out to be remarkably similar to those of the Christian God).
What’s the problem with the proof?
The problem is that existence is not a property. If we were going to give the prize for the best cupcake we would not go…
|Your Cupcake||My Cupcake|
… and declare a tie.
Indeed, you run into a whole host of problems when you start to hand out properties to things that don’t exist. Problems which the tech-blogging industry — in wild defiance of philosophical teaching — seems mostly content to ignore.
Consider this actual headline about the concept images for the OLPC XO‑3
Fancy ‘OLPC XO‑3’ becomes the cheapest PC in the world
Finished in semi-flexible plastic, the latest “OLPC XO‑3” similar to the original XO can optimize its display in both transmissive and reflective modes for indoor and outdoor lighting conditions. Presenting an 8.5 x 11 touchscreen, with a little folding ring in the corner for grip and a rear camera, the slim (half of an iPhone) and sleek PC makes use of Palm Pre-style induction charging to remain juiced up anytime, anywhere. The multitouch tablet is slated to be released by 2012.
From The Design Blog (emphasis mine)
The XO‑3 has not become anything aside from a bunch of renderings, plans, and press-releases. It certainly isn’t the world’s cheapest PC. How do I know? Because it isn’t a PC at all. PCs can run software. Try to run software on the OLPC. Go ahead, try to buy one.
I probably shouldn’t be picking on The Design Blog’s breathless coverage of the OLPC XO‑3. A more worthy target would be the entire industry’s coverage of the Apple Tablet.
More words were probably written about this nonexistent product in 2009 than about all the great hardware that every company not called Apple actually shipped. Google now lists 1.8 million documents referencing “Apple tablet”. That compares to 20,700 documents referencing “Acer Tablet PC”. One of these companies has actually shipped tablet hardware. The other has not. Can you guess from those Google figures which one is which?
Which has a better selection of apps? The Apple Tablet, the CrunchPad, or Infinium Labs’ Phantom Gaming Console. Which has a better battery life?
It’s an endless stream of “that than which nothing greater can be conceived“s, comparing hypothetical objects with real objects. Speculative design blogs are no better (don’t get me wrong, I enjoy Yanko, I just wish that they’d distinguish more clearly between mock-ups, working prototypes, and shipping products).
I recognize that I am on shaky ground here, given that the entire oeuvre of Quiet Babylon is rampant speculation. I like to think that I am doing a good job of separating fact from fiction from speculation. And I’d especially like to think that I will never engage in judging a horse-race between hypothetical objects (aside from If Batman were to fight Superman).